Wine is a major characteristic feature of Hungarian culture, history and gastronomy. Hungarian wine is sorted in groups of white-, red, rosé, sweet-, dry and dessert wine. Wine cultivation is carried out on cca. 93000 acres in Hungary.
The region, type of grape and human intervention all determine the quality of wine. Romans intreduced wine to Hungary by the Romans, and the country was known for its excellent wines until the devastation of World War II and the Communist era. Recently Hungarian wines have had a renaissance and winning prizes in almost all international competitions.
There are 22 wine regions in Hungary, that have different characteristics regarding their size, location and produced wine types. It’s worth combining a visit to top vineyards with activities as diverse as hiking, cycling, canoeing.
Some Hungarian wine types are world famous first of all Tokaji, Egri Bikavér (Bull’s Blood). Furthermore there are famous vineyards winning awards on different international competitions. On the other hand there are plenty of lesser known wine types to discover. Have you ever heard about Juhfark (sheep’s tail), Szürkebarát (grey monk), Csóka (jackdaw), Királyleányka (king’s daughter) etc.
Hungarian Wine regions
- In Northern-Transdanubia: Ászár-Neszmély wine region, Etyek-Buda wine region, Mór wine region, Pannonhalma-Sokoróalja wine region, Sopron wine region
- Around lake Balaton: Badacsony wine region, Balatonboglár wine region, Balatonfelvidék wine region, Balatonfüred-Csopak wine region, Balatonmellék wine region, Somló wine region
- In Sothern-Transdanuia: Pécs wine region, Szekszárd wine region, Tolna wine region, Villány wine region
- The Danube region: Csongrád wine region, Hajós wine region, Kunság wine region
- In the North-East part of the country: Bükk wine region, Eger wine region, Mátra wine region, Tokaj-Hegyalja wine region
Hungarians often enjoy their wine with a mix of soda-water. Depending on the quantity of soda you add, there are numerous variations of this drink called “fröccs”.
- Nagyfröccs – 2 dl wine, 1 dl soda,
- Hosszú lépés (long step) – 1 dl wine, 2 dl soda,
- Kisfröccs – 1-1 dl wine and soda,
- Házmester (landlord) – 3 dl wine, 2 dl soda,
- Viceházmester (vice landlord) – 2 dl wine, 3 dl soda
- Lakófröccs (tenant) – 1 dl wine and 4 dl soda,
- Polgármester (mayor) -6 dl wine, 4 dl soda,
- Maflás (slap) – 5 dl wine, 5dl soda