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Thermal waters of Budapest

Along the Danube at the meeting point of the Buda Hills and the Great Plain a geological faultline is formed, where thermal springs of different composition come to the surface. This beneficial feature of the area was recognised very early by the people, who settled down here. The Celtic tribes, who inhabited the region in the 1st century, named it "ak-luk", which means abundant water. The Romans called their province Aquincum, aqua also meaning water. They had long been familiar with the luxury of the baths and built several of them. From this period 14 baths have been excavated in Óbuda. Most baths can be found in the hilly parts of the city, such as the Castle Hill area or Gellért hill but there are baths on the Pest side as well, such as Széchenyi bath in the City Park. The Hungarians also quickly discovered the medical effects of the water and took advantage of them. 

List of major spas in Budapest

The thermal springs were used during centuries, but under the Turkish occupation of Hungary the bath-culture developed significantly. Budapest still preserves some baths of Turkish origin. After the Turkish occupation the use of baths declined and only in the 19th century, when balneology became a sience could they regain their popularity.

In Budapest 70 million liters of water supplies the spas daily from 123 different springs. There are 28 Spas based on this abundant water and numerous spa hotels offer large scale of services for the visitors. Recently many wellness hotels were opened, which along with the renowned ones strive to offer cures and healing such as active recreation.

Most thermal waters cure arthritis, or skin problems, some of them ease the problems of people suffering from digestive diseases in the form of a drinking therapy.  The temperature of the thermal springs are different, the range is between 14-96C, in some spas cold water is added in order to to cool it down for bathing. These spas do not use filtration systems since the pools are designed as a rapid,  flow through system where water comes in one end and out the other, at night, completely drained. 

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