Mongolian conquest in the 13th century, King Béla
IV. ordered fortresses from stone to be built. The fortress of Buda
also founded at that time. The castle reached its
golden age during the rule of the renaissance king, Matthias.
He had it
enlarged and transformed to a palace.
Turkish occupation of Hungary, it was under Turkish rule for over 150
years. Not even the Habsburgs cared much about it, as the empire was
ruled from Vienna. During the second world war it was badly
damaged. The Palace
around 1247, but the royal seat was in Visegrád
until the 15th century. It went under major reconstructions several
Matthias converted the
fortification to a palace,
Theresa had it rebuilt and
enlarged. In the 19th century
the famous Hungarian architect Miklós Ybl got the comission
to reconstruct it. From the original fittings unfortunately nothing was
left. Today the buildings house the National
Gallery, the National
Library and the Historical
From the panorama terrace there is a magnificent view of the Pest
getting to the palace is by the funicular
to the Tunnel, which has a 95 metres long, 48% steep track and offers
one of the most astonishing panoramas in the World - as mentioned in a
popular travel blog
is to be found on the northern side of the palace. It
was the place of the market during the middle ages, the place where
executions were performed too.
situated in front of the Matthias
it is the place, where all major streets of the castle district meet.
In the middle of the Szentháromság tér
was erected to
commemorate the plague epidemic in 1709.
first Town Hall of Buda
faces the square, which was built after the end of the Turkish
occupation. Off the
beaten track in the smaller side streets one can still feel the
atmosphere of old ages, you can see hidden courtyards, signs of the
guilds, beautifully reconstructed citizenhouses.
A range of Amsterdam holiday apartments
to rent in Central Amsterdam.
Árpád sétány also worth a
walk. The Castle
district of Buda
is part of